|EQUALITY INDIA NEWS IS A SHAKTI VAHINI INITIATIVE|
The Union Labour & Employment Minister Shri Mallikarjun Kharge has informed the Rajya Sabha that the Government of India has banned employment of children below 14 years for dhabas and domestic work. As per 2001 census, the total number of working children between the age group 5-14 years in the country was 1.26 crore out of which 12 lakh children were working in hazardous occupations and processes including domestic workers, Dhabas/Restaurants etc. However, as per NSSO survey 2009-10, the working children are estimated at 49.84 lakh which shows declining trend. The details of the industries where employment of children as per the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 is prohibited is at Annexure-I.
States/UT Governments are appropriate Government for implementation of the Child Labour(Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 in the areas comes under their jurisdiction. Under Section 3 of the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986, prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in 18 Occupations and 65 Processes. Any person who employs a child in any occupation or process where employment of children is prohibited under the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, is liable for punishment with imprisonment for term which shall not be less than 3 months but which may extend to one year or with fine ranging from Rs.10,000/- to Rs.20,000/-.
List of Occupations & Processes prohibited under the Act.
Occupations (Non Industrial Activity)
Any occupation concerned with: –
(1) Transport of passengers, goods or mails by railways;
(2) Cinder picking, clearing of an ash pit or building operation in the railway premises;
(3) Work in a catering establishment at a railway station, involving the movement of a vendor or any other employee of the establishment from the one platform to another or in to or out of a moving train;
(4) Work relating to the construction of a railway station or with any other work where such work is done in close proximity to or between the railway lines;
(5) A port authority within the limits of any port;
(6) Work relating to selling of crackers and fireworks in shops with temporary licenses;
(7) Abattoirs/Slaughter House;
(8) Automobile workshops and garages;
(10) Handling of toxic or inflammable substances or explosives;
(11) Handloom and power loom industry;
(12) Mines (underground and under water) and collieries;
(13) Plastic units and fibreglass workshops;
(14) Domestic workers or servants;
(15) Dhabas (roadside eateries), restaurants, hotels, motels, tea shops, resorts, spas or other recreational centers; and
(17) Caring of elephant.
(18) Working in the circus.
Processes (Industrial Activity)
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