Release and Rehabilitation of Bonded Labourers

Planting Time
Image by The Advocacy Project via Flickr

 The Bonded Labour System has been abolished by law throughout the country with effect from 25th October, 1975 under the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Ordinance which was replaced by the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976.  As and when existence of bonded labour is detected, such persons are identified for rehabilitation.  The responsibility for rehabilitating the freed bonded labourers lies with the respective State Governments. In order to assist the State Governments in the task of rehabilitation of identified and released bonded labourers, a Centrally Sponsored Plan Scheme for Rehabilitation of Bonded Labour is in operation since May, 1978. Under the scheme, rehabilitation assistance @ Rs. 20,000/- per bonded labour is provided which is equally shared by the Central and State Government.

According to the reports received from the State Governments, the number of bonded labourers identified, released and rehabilitated under the Centrally Sponsored Plan Scheme as on 31.03.2011 is as under: (District-wise information is not maintained at central level)

Name of the State

Number of Bonded Labourers

Identified and Released

Rehabilitated

Andhra Pradesh

37988

31534

Arunachal Pradesh

3,526

2992

Bihar

14,615

13797

Chattisgarh

812

812

Gujarat

64

64

Haryana

591

89

Jharkhand

196

196

Karnataka

63,437

57185

Kerala

823

710

Madhya Pradesh

13,317

12,392

Maharashtra

1,404

1,325

Orissa

50,029

46901

Punjab

69

69

Rajasthan

7488

6331

Tamil Nadu

65,573

65.573

Uttar Pradesh

29046

29046

Uttaranchal

5

5

West Bengal

344

344

TOTAL

2,89,327

2,69,365

The Union Labour & Employment Minister Shri Mallikarjun Kharge gave this information in reply  to a written question the in  Rajya Sabha today.

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ST/-

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