Problem of Child Labour

Child Labor
Image by Siddy Lam via Flickr

As per 2001 census, the total number of working children between the age group 5-14 years in the country was 1.26 crore. However, in the Survey conducted by NSSO, in 2004-05 the number of working children were estimated at 90.75 lakh. As per NSSO survey 2009-10, the working children are estimated at 49.84 lakh which shows decline trend. The State-wise information is as per Annexure-I. As per unit level records of NSSO , 2004-05, sector-wise information in percentage terms is as per Annexure-II

Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act prohibits  employment of children below the age of 14 years in 18 Occupations and 65 Processes  and regulates their working conditions in those occupations/processes where they are not prohibited from working. Any person who employs a child in any occupation or process where employment of  children is prohibited under the Act, is liable for punishment with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than 3 months but which may extend to one year or with fine ranging from Rs.10,000/- to Rs.20,000/- or with both. The Govt. of India has adopted a multi-pronged strategy for eradication of child labour as follows:

  1. legal action plan.
  2. focus on general development programmes for the benefit of the families of Child Labour; and
  3. project-based action in areas of high concentration of Child labour.

The above measure has yielded the positive results in eradication of child labour. In view of the above, there is no proposal under consideration. The Union Labour & Employment Minister Shri Mallikarjun Kharge gave this information in reply  to a written question the in  Rajya Sabha today.

Annexure I

State-wise Distribution of Working Children according to 2001 Census in the age group  of 5-14 years

Sl. No

Name of the State/UT

2001

  1. 1.                     
Andhra Pradesh

1363339

Assam                                   

351416

Bihar

1117500

Gujarat

485530

Haryana

253491

Himachal Pradesh

107774

Jammu & Kashmir

175630

Karnataka

822615

Kerala

26156

Madhya Pradesh

1065259

Maharashtra

764075

Chhattisgarh

364572

Manipur

28836

Meghalaya

53940

Jharkhand

407200

Uttarakhand

70183

Nagaland

45874

Orissa

377594

Punjab

177268

Rajasthan

1262570

Sikkim

16457

Tamil Nadu

418801

Tripura

21756

Uttar Pradesh

1927997

West Bengal

857087

Andaman & Nicobar Island

1960

Arunanchal Pradesh

18482

Chandigarh

3779

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

4274

Delhi

41899

Daman and Diu

729

Goa

4138

Lakshadweep

27

Mizoram                                

26265

Pondicherry

1904

  Total

12666377

Source: Estimated from Unit Level Records of NSSO, 2004-05

     

Annexure-II

Sectoral Distribution of India’s Child Labour,2004-05

State

Agri.

Mining & Quar

Mfg.

Elec.Water

Cons.

Trade,Hotel

Trnsprt

Finance

Com.,Soc

Total

A.P. 68.96 0.96 9.70 0.00 3.20 9.02 1.05 0.00 7.11 100
Assam 69.26 1.78 8.42 0.00 1.78 7.76 0.05 0.00 10.96 100
Bihar 71.84 0.00 11.16 0.00 0.00 15.49 0.07 0.38 1.05 100
Chhattisgarh 87.90 0.00 2.37 0.00 0.86 7.17 0.00 0.00 1.70 100
Delhi 0.00 0.00 11.08 0.00 0.00 57.83 0.00 0.00 31.09 100
Goa 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.60 0.00 72.46 0.00 22.94 100
Gujrat 76.69 1.04 2.58 0.00 0.28 17.77 0.16 0.00 1.48 100
H.P. 87.42 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.71 1.21 0.00 4.66 100
Haryana 65.57 0.00 3.81 0.00 7.03 8.08 0.00 0.00 15.51 100
Jharkhand 65.28 0.00 14.63 0.00 4.25 12.08 0.66 0.26 2.84 100
Karnataka 82.60 0.22 9.27 0.00 1.19 5.73 0.70 0.00 0.30 100
Kerala 19.22 0.00 32.78 0.00 0.00 31.95 0.00 0.00 16.05 100
M.P. 82.89 0.00 9.93 0.00 1.50 4.33 0.00 0.00 1.34 100
Maharastra 82.62 0.00 5.34 0.00 1.92 5.75 0.13 0.14 4.09 100
Orissa 73.18 0.88 17.36 0.00 3.25 3.34 0.91 0.00 1.08 100
Punjab 67.91 0.00 12.71 0.00 1.16 7.21 2.59 0.00 8.43 100
Rajasthan 75.78 0.00 9.60 0.19 2.94 7.26 0.05 3.74 0.44 100
T.N. 39.49 0.00 44.55 0.00 5.91 5.68 1.54 0.16 2.68 100
U.P. 61.24 0.00 25.34 0.00 0.40 9.73 0.68 0.50 2.11 100
Uttaranchal 80.73 0.00 4.72 0.00 5.24 9.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 100
W.B. 34.57 0.00 43.93 0.00 3.27 9.66 1.19 0.80 6.59 100
Total 68.14 0.25 16.55 0.02 1.95 8.45 0.66 0.57 3.41 100

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