Protection of Forests

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A SHAKTI VAHINI RESEARCH INITIATIVE

Eco-Tourism Policy

 As reported by the Forest Department of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, there was no scheme of Eco-Tourism during Eight and Ninth Five Year Plan periods.  A scheme, namely ‘Ecotourism’, was included in the 10th and the 11th Five Year Plans.

 (b)     The year-wise actual physical and financial achievements during the said period, as reported by the Union Territory, are at Annexure-I.

(c)      The details of total amount surrendered during the said period, as reported by the Union Territory, are at Annexure-II.

 (d)     The name of Eco-Tourism sites and number of visitors are at Annexure-III.

 Annexure-I

 Year-wise actual physical and financial achievements during the said period, as reported by the Union Territory

 

Year Outlay(Rs. in lakhs) Expenditure(Rs. in lakhs)

 

2002-2003 7.25 7.41
2003-2004 30.00 14.36
2004-2005 32.00 15.12
2005-2006 71.00 35.43
2006-2007 56.00 31.68
2007-2008 47.00 47.70
2008-2009 40.50 49.79
2009-2010 53.95 62.54
2010-2011 65.90 65.90
2011-2012 90.00 11.23

12 sites have been developed and maintained.

Annexure-II

Total amount surrendered during the period, as reported by the Union Territory

 

Year Surrender

(Rs. in lakhs)

 2002-2003Nil2003-200415.642004-200516.882005-200635.572006-200724.322007-2008Nil2008-2009Nil2009-2010Nil2010-2011Nil

Annexure-III

Name of Ecotourism Sites, as reported by the Union Territory 

  1. Mount Harriet
  2. Chidiyatapu
  3. Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park, Wandoor
  4. Lime Stone Caves, Baratang
  5. Mud Volcano, Baratang
  6. Kadamtala
  7. Amkunj Beach
  8. Yerrata Jetty
  9. Cuthburt Bay Turtle Nesting Sanctuary
  10. Karmatang Beach
  11. Ross and Smith Island
  12. Wright Myo

 Number of tourists visited during the last five years, as reported by the Union Territory

 Year Number of visitors
2007 95625
2008 183466
2009 221900
2010 300611
2011

(upto July, 2011)157056

  This information was given by the Minister of State for Environment and Forests (independent charge) Shrimati Jayanthi Natarajan in a written reply to a question by Shri Bishnu Pada Ray in Lok Sabha today.

 Diversion of Forest Land

To facilitate expeditious creation of public utility infrastructure in Left Wing Extremism (LWE) affected districts, Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) on 3rd November 2010 accorded general approval under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 for a period of five years i.e. up to 31.12.2015, for diversion of forest land upto 2.00 ha., in each case, for execution of public utility infrastructure of 13 specified categories such as schools, dispensaries/hospitals, electrical and telecommunication lines, drinking water, water/rain water harvesting structures, minor irrigation canal, non-conventional sources of energy, skill upgradation/vocational training centers, power sub-stations, rural roads, communication posts, police establishments like police stations/outposts/border outposts/watch towers in sensitive areas (identified by Ministry of Home Affairs) and underground laying of optical fibre cables, telephone lines & drinking water supply lines by Government Departments in such LWE affected districts.

MoEF on 13th May 2011 further relaxed the said general approval to the diversion of not more than 5.00 ha. of forest land in each case, for execution of public utility infrastructure of the afore-mentioned 13 categories by Government Departments in 60 LWE affected districts selected by the Planning Commission and Ministry of Home Affairs. The Ministry on 16th June 2011 further clarified that compensatory afforestation in lieu of the forest land diverted in accordance with the above said general approval dated 13th May 2011 shall not be insisted upon.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Environment and Forests (independent charge) Shrimati Jayanthi Natarajan in a written reply to a question by Shri Eknath M. Gaikwad ,Shri Anand Prakash Paranjpe And Shri B.B. Patil in Lok Sabha today.

Diversion of forest land for non-forest purpose, including allotment of forest land to individual persons for developmental projects, requires prior approval of the Central Government under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980.  Approvals under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 are accorded keeping in view floral and faunal significance of the forest land proposed for diversion, feasible alternatives, number and nature of beneficiaries and nature and extent of the benefits likely to accrue from the proposed diversion.

 Approvals under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 for diversion of forest land for non-forest purposes are subject to realization of cost of creation and maintenance of compensatory afforestation, Net Present Value (NPV), cost of afforestation of safety zone (in case of mining project), cost of implementation of wildlife conservation plan (wherever stipulated) etc., by the State/UT Government concerned from the concerned user agencies/individual persons. These amount, realized by the State/UT Governments are transferred to the  Ad-hoc CAMPA. State/UT-wise details of the amount transferred to the Ad-hoc CAMPA as on 30.06.2011 is annexed.

Annexure

 Allotment of Forest Land

State/UT-wise details of the funds transferred to the Ad-hoc CAMPA (as on 30th June 2011)

 (Amt.: Rupees in crores)

Sl. No.

State/ UT

Amt. Transferred to Ad-Hoc CAMPA

1

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

                               10.20

2

Andhra Pradesh

                          1,908.89

3

Arunachal Pradesh

                             623.29

4

Assam

                             298.99

5

Bihar

                             131.61

6

Chandigarh

                                 1.74

7

Chhattisgarh

                          1,685.54

8

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

                                 3.68

9

Daman & Diu

                                 0.71

10

Delhi

                               18.26

11

Goa

                             122.13

12

Gujarat

                             431.07

13

Haryana

                             273.96

14

Himachal Pradesh

                             896.77

15

Jammu & Kashmir

                               74.05

16

Jharkhand

                          1,468.00

17

Karnataka

                             706.22

18

Kerala

                               21.03

19

Lakshadweep

                                      –

20

Madhya Pradesh

                             871.25

21

Maharashtra

                          1,359.83

22

Manipur

                               29.45

23

Meghalaya

                              83.31

24

Mizoram

                                 9.83

25

Nagaland

                                0.00

26

Orissa

                          3,758.89

27

Pondicherry

                                      –

28

Punjab

                            347.16

29

Rajasthan

                         531.89

30

Sikkim

                              47.87

31

Tamil Nadu

                              23.53

32

Tripura

                            68.22

33

Uttar Pradesh

                          484.93

34

Uttarakhand

                          1,101.57

35

West Bengal

                           81.03

Total

                        17,574.90

This information was given by the Minister of State for Environment and Forests (independent charge) Shrimati Jayanthi Natarajan in a written reply to a question by Shri Subhash Bapurao Wankhede, Shri Wakchaure Bhausaheb Rajaram , Shri Kameshwar Baitha and Shri Sanjay Dhotre in Lok Sabha today.

Restrictions on Environmental Clearances

The Ministry of Environment and Forests had issued the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification, 2011 for the protection and conservation of the coastal area. The Notification provides inter- alia for categorization of the Coastal Stretches, prohibited and permissible activities and special dispensation for the States of Maharashtra, Goa and Kerala. The Notification further prohibits the development of Port and harbour projects in high eroding stretches of the coast, except for those projects classified as strategic and defence related.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Environment and Forests (independent charge) Shrimati Jayanthi Natarajan in a written reply to a question by Shri Anant Gangaram Geete in Lok Sabha today.

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