No Decrease in Land under Forest Cover

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A SHAKTI VAHINI RESEARCH INITIATIVE

The  area under forests has not been decreasing every year due to urbanization and industrialization in different States of the country. Forests have not decreased due to urbanization and industrialization in various States of the country.   There is a net increase of 728 sq. km forest cover in the country as per India State of Forest Report 2009.  The details of forest cover in various States and UTs, as per State of Forest Report, 2009 is given in Annexure I.

The Ministry of Environment & Forests is implementing a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National Afforestation Programme (NAP) for regeneration of degraded forests and adjoining areas in the country. The scheme is implemented through a decentralized mechanism of State Forest Development Agency (SFDA) at State level, Forest Development Agency (FDA) at Forest Division level and Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMCs) at village level. As on 31.03.2011, 800 FDA projects have been approved in 28 States in the country to treat an area of 17.43 lakh ha. since inception of the scheme in 2002.  The details of the area approved for afforestation during the last three years is given in Annexure – II.

Annexure I

Forest Cover in States / UTs in India

(area in km2)

State/UT

Geographical Area

Forest Cover

% to  GA

Change

 in

forest cover

Scrub

Very Dense Forest

Mod. Dense Forest

Open Forest

Total

Andhra Pradesh

275,069

820

24,757

19,525

45,102

16.40

-129

10,372

Arunachal Pradesh

83,743

20,858

31,556

14,939

67,353

80.43

-119

111

Assam

78,438

1,461

11,558

14,673

27,692

35.30

-66

179

Bihar

94163

231

3,248

3,325

6,804

7.23

-3

134

Chhattisgarh

135,191

4,162

35,038

16,670

55,870

41.33

-59

107

Delhi

1,483

7

50

120

177

11.94

0

1

Goa

3,702

511

624

1,016

2,151

58.10

-5

1

Gujarat

196,022

376

5,249

8,995

14,620

7.46

16

1,463

Haryana

44,212

27

463

1,104

1,594

3.61

-10

145

Himachal Pradesh

55,673

3,224

6,383

5,061

14,668

26.35

2

327

Jammu & Kashmir

222,236

4,298

8,977

9,411

22,686

10.21

-3

2,036

Jharkhand

79,714

2,590

9,899

10,405

22,894

28.72

172

683

Karnataka

191,791

1,777

20,181

14,232

36,190

18.87

-10

3,176

Kerala

38,863

1,443

9,410

6,471

17,324

44.58

40

58

Madhya Pradesh

308,245

6,647

35,007

36,046

77,700

25.21

-39

6,401

Maharashtra

307,713

8,739

20,834

21,077

50,650

16.46

-11

4,157

Manipur

22,327

701

5,474

11,105

17,280

77.40

328

1

Meghalaya

22,429

410

9,501

7,410

17,321

77.23

116

211

Mizoram

21,081

134

6,251

12,855

19,240

91.27

640

1

Nagaland

16,579

1,274

4,897

7,293

13,464

81.21

-201

2

Orissa

155,707

7,073

21,394

20,388

48,855

31.38

100

4,852

Punjab

50,362

0

733

931

1,664

3.30

4

20

Rajasthan

342,239

72

4,450

11,514

16,036

4.69

24

4,347

Sikkim

7,096

500

2,161

696

3,357

47.31

0

356

Tamil Nadu

130,058

2,926

10,216

10,196

23,338

17.94

24

1,206

Tripura

10,486

111

4,770

3,192

8,073

76.99

-100

75

Uttar Pradesh

240,928

1,626

4,563

8,152

14,341

5.95

-5

745

Uttarakhand

53,483

4,762

14,165

5,568

24,495

45.80

2

271

West Bengal

88,752

2,987

4,644

5,363

12,994

14.64

24

29

A&N Islands

8,249

3,762

2,405

495

6,662

80.76

-1

53

Chandigarh

114

1

10

6

17

14.91

0

1

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

491

0

114

97

211

42.97

-5

1

Daman & Diu

112

0

1

5

6

5.04

0

3

Lakshadweep

32

0

16

10

26

82.75

0

0

Puducherry

480

0

13

31

44

9.14

2

0

Grand Total

3,287,263

83,510

319,012

288,377

690,899

21.02

728

41,525

 Annexure  – II

 ‘Land under Forest Cover’

State

Area (in hectare)

08-09

09-10

10-11

1.

Andhra Pradesh

8182

4182

2341

2.

Bihar

3675

3475

0

3.

Chhattisgarh

14706

8450

1177

4.

Goa

0

0

0

5.

Gujarat

14620

4920

1760

6.

Haryana

8260

5526

1100

7.

Himachal Pradesh

1222

1255

1646

8.

Jammu & Kashmir

6370

3550

0

9.

Jharkhand

14680

9980

0

10.

Karnataka

3765

2200

0

11.

Kerala

4118

1095

666

12.

Madhya Pradesh

13367

6188

13000

13.

Maharashtra

5182

7219

0

14.

Orissa

7400

1745

0

15.

Punjab

1640

547

0

16.

Rajasthan

9500

6800

400

17.

Tamil Nadu

5670

4025

0

18.

Uttar Pradesh

18355

9664

3340

19.

Uttrakhand

3510

4065

5167

20.

West Bengal

4793

615

2815

21.

Arunachal Pradesh

1450

1750

3125

22.

Assam

6365

3625

0

23.

Manipur

2950

1525

3599

24.

Meghalaya

1970

800

4800

25.

Mizoram

4500

2700

2370

26.

Nagaland

3500

4050

2000

27.

Sikkim

3350

2225

1549

28.

Tripura

335

1380

6271

Total 

173435

103556

57126

This information was given by the Minister of State for Environment and Forests (independent charge) Shrimati Jayanthi Natarajan in a written reply to a question by Shri Hari Manjhi in Lok Sabha today.

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