Bonded Labour (Abolition) Act 1976

SHAKTI VAHINI RESEARCH INITIATIVE

The data relating to bonded labourers is not maintained sex-wise. According to the reports received from the State Governments, the number of bonded labourers identified, released and rehabilitated under the Centrally Sponsored Plan Scheme is as under:-

Name of the State

Number of Bonded Labourers

Identified and Released Rehabilitated
Andhra Pradesh

37,988

31,534

Arunachal Pradesh

3,526

2,992

Bihar

14,615

13,797

Chhattisgarh

812

812

Gujarat

64

64

Haryana

591

89

Jharkhand

196

196

Karnataka

63,437

57,185

Kerala

823

710

Madhya Pradesh

13,317

12,392

Maharashtra

1,404

1,325

Orissa

50,029

46,901

Punjab

69

69

Rajasthan

7,488

6,331

Tamil Nadu

65,573

65,573

Uttar Pradesh

29,046

29,046

Uttaranchal

5

5

West Bengal

344

344

Total

2,89,327

2,69,365

 The Supreme Court has directed that the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) should be involved in dealing with the issue of bonded labour. The court has also issued directions from time to time for compliance by the state governments regarding identification, release and rehabilitation of bonded labourers. In pursuance of the direction of the Supreme Court, NHRC is monitoring and reviewing the efforts made by the state governments towards implementing the provisions of the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976, through regular interaction with the concerned authorities. NHRC also conducts familiarization-cum-sensitization workshops on the elimination of bonded labour and child labour at the state level.

The Constitution of India under Article 23(1) prohibits ‘begar’ and other similar forms of forced labour. The bonded labour system was abolished by law throughout the country w.e.f. from 25th October, 1975 under the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Ordinance which was replaced by Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976. It extends to the whole of India. As per the Act, no person is allowed to make an advance under or in pursuance of the bonded labour system and no one can compel any person to render any bonded labour or other form of forced labour.

No checks have been imposed on the funds sanctioned for utilization of identifying bonded and child labour.

This information was given by the Minister of Labour and Employment Shri   Mallikarjun Kharge  in reply to a written question in the Lok Sabha today.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s