A SHAKTI VAHINI RESEARCH INITIATIVE
The Committee appointed by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation under the Chairmanship of Dr. Pronab Sen, Chief Statistician of India to estimate reliable urban slum population submitted its report on 30th August, 2010. The prime recommendations of the Committee are annexed.
The Government is implementing the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) since 2005, aimed at provision of city-wide infrastructure and basic services to the urban poor especially slum dwellers. Under the Basic Services for the Urban Poor (BSUP) component of JNNURM, Additional Central Assistance is provided to States/Union Territories for undertaking affordable housing and related infrastructure facilities for the urban poor especially those residing in slums in 65 select cities of national importance. Similar facilities are also provided in small and medium towns under the Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme (IHSDP). All the metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata are covered under BSUP –component of JNNURM.
Committee on Slum Statistics/Census
A Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. Pranob Sen, Principal Adviser, Planning Commission (former Secretary, Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation, and Government of India) was set up by Ministry of HUPA to study the slum definition and to estimate urban slum population for the whole country on the basis of available data.
2. The Committee submitted its final Report to the Ministry of HUPA on 26th August, 2010. The summary of recommendations of the Committee is as follows:
3. The first priority of the Committee was to suggest suitable adjustments/corrections and create a reliable statistical model based on data for 1743 cities/towns which had been enumerated in the Census 2001. The Committee then applied this model to estimate the slum population in all 5161 urban areas of the country, including the 3799 statutory towns.
4. By this model, the estimated Slum Population in the country in 2001 comes to 75.26 million and the projected slum population in the country for the year 2011 at 93.06 million. A comparative picture of the Estimated Slum Population by the Committee and the Slum Population reported by Census 2001 is as follows:
|RGI||Estimated by Committee on Slums (CoS)|
|Slum Population in the Country (in 2001)
* These figures are for 1743 towns having population 20,000 and above reporting slum
* These figures are for all 5161 cities/towns in the country
|% of Slum Population in total urban population of cities/towns enumerated in 2001||
|Projected Slum Population in the Country (in 2011)||
As per CoS estimates, the slum population constituted 26.31 % of the urban population of the country in 2001.
5. For the Slum Census 2011, the Committee has recommended that for policy formulation purposes it is absolutely essential to count the slum population even in cities having less than 20000 population. For the purpose of planning for Rajiv Awas Yojana and Slum-free India it would be necessary to count the population of slums in all statutory towns in the country in the 2011.
6. The Committee has suggested a different definition for slum than the current definition adopted by the Census of India and the States. The Committee recommends a normative definition based on appropriate indicators/checklists for the purpose of identification of slum areas and enumeration of population of area. It recommends contiguous area with 20-25 HHs having slum like characteristics as a slum area. Based on the pilot studies carried out by the RGI, the following characteristics have been identified as slum characteristics:
i) Predominant roof material: any material other than concrete (RBC/ RCC)
ii) Availability of drinking water source: not within premises of the census house
iii) Availability of latrine: not within premises of the census house
iv) Drainage facility: no drainage or open drainage
7. The Committee has recommended that once the lay out maps are released before the general census in 2011, the RGI should share them with the Ministry of HUPA with marking of the contiguous areas having slum like characteristics, for use in planning purpose and as an aid to slum surveys. The Ministry would work closely with the RGI to carry out the ground verification of slum clusters within the identified enumeration blocks to finalize the Master Frame of slums in the country.
Action Taken by M/o HUPA
The Government has accepted the recommendations of the Dr. Pranob Sen Committee and has written to all States/Union Territories and Registrar General of India to take necessary follow up action on the recommendations of the Dr. Pranob Sen Committee Report.