Urban Houseless Population

Dharavi Slum in Mumbai, India
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The Census of India, 2001 estimates that 27.81 percent of total population lives in urban areas of the country. A Technical Group was constituted by the Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation in 2006 to assess the urban housing shortage.  The Group estimated that at the end of the 10th Five Year Plan (2007-08), the total housing shortage in the country was 24.71 million.

The projected urban population in India as on 1st March, for the years 2010 to 2020 as per Census of India, 2001 is indicated in the table below.

Year Urban Population (in millions)
2010 350.569
2011 357.948
2012 365.357
2013 372.804
2014 380.277
2015 387.764
2016 395.253
2017 402.732
2018 410.224
2019 417.713
2020 425.182


The Technical Group constituted by the Ministry in 2006 to assess the urban housing shortage has estimated that the total housing requirement during the 11th Plan period (2007-2012) would be 26.53 million dwelling units including the housing shortage of 24.71 million dwelling units at the beginning of 11th Plan. No estimates as to housing requirements in the next ten years are available with the Ministry.

The population Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai, together with slum population and percentage of population living in slums, as estimated in the Slum Population India Series-I are given in table below.

Sl No. City Population* Slum Population % of Slum Population
1. Chennai 4343645 819873 18.9
2. Delhi 9879172 1851231 18.7
3. Greater Mumbai 11978450 6475440 54.1
4. Kolkata 4572876 1485309 32.5

*Population of City Municipal Corporation area

The Central Government is supporting the construction of housing for poor sections of the society living in urban slums. The Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), launched by the Government in the year 2005 supports provision of housing and basic services to urban poor in slums in 65 specified cities under the Sub Mission Basic Services to the Urban Poor (BSUP) and in other cities and towns under the Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme (IHSDP). The schemes are demand driven and so far 15,40,611 houses have been sanctioned and Central share of Rs. 20130.79 crores committed for the purpose. The Government has announced a new scheme called Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY) for providing support for making cities slum free to States that are willing to provide property rights to slum dwellers.



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