The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education ACT, 2009: Progress in the First Six Months

A primary school in a village in Madhya Pradesh.
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EQUALITY INDIA NEWS /   A SHAKTI VAHINI RESEARCH INITIATIVE DECEMBER 15, 2010

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 has been operationalised from 1stApril 2010. A summary of the steps taken towards its implementation in the first six months is placed below.

1.                  Central RTE Rules notified in the Official Gazette on 8th April 2010; Model RTE Rules circulated to States.

2.                  Report of the Committee on Implementation of RTE Act and the Resultant Revamp of SSA finalized in April 2010 (available on website: www.ssa.nic.in)

3.                  SSA norms revised to correspond with the provisions of the RTE ACT:

a)         Revised SSA norms approved for sanctioning

i)          Additional Teacher posts

ii)        Additional Classroom construction

iii)     Teaching Learning Equipment (TLE) to enable States to adopt on eight year elementary education cycle

iii)   Research, Monitoring, Evaluation and Supervision (REMS) norms revised to provide financial support for NCPCR/SCPCR

iv)                Enhancement of academic support at block/cluster level to better school supervision and support

v)                  Expansion and construction costs of KGBV

b)         New norms approved for sanctioning

i)        Uniforms

ii)       Transportation

iv)                Residential facilities

4.                  Financial commitment of Rs.2.31 lakh crore over five year period from 2010-11 to 2014-15

5.                  Fund sharing pattern for implementation of RTE-SSA programme revised from the earlier pattern in the sliding scale of 65:35 ratio between the Centre and State for a five year period from 2010-11 to 2014-15.

6.                  Central SSA outlays for 2010-11 enhanced from Rs.15000 crore to Rs.19000 crore: Rs.4000 crore provided in the 1st Supplementary Grant.

7.                  Supplementary Annual Work Plans and Budgets approved for States:

Sl.No. Item Projected for meeting RTEProvisons Approved in 2010-11
1. Additional Teachers 5.08 lakh 4.55 lakh
(to be provided within 3 years
2. Part time instructors for Art Education, Physical Education and Work Education 

(to be provided within 3 years)

3.10 lakh 1.13 lakh
3. Additional Classrooms 

(to be provided within 3 years)

14.25 lakh 2.74 lakh
4. Uniforms: estimated number of children annually 8.52 crore 7.23 crore
5. New KGBVs 1073 999

8.                  NCTE notified as academic authority for Teacher Qualifications; new Teacher Qualifications notified  in August 2010 (available on website: www.education.nic.in)

9.                  Initiatives taken by States:

 

Sl.No.

Item States
1. Notification of State RTE Rules Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Orissa, Sikkim have notified their State RTE Rules; 

A&N Islands, Chandigarh have adopted Central RTE Rules.

Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Himachal Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Puducherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripur, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, West Bengal have prepared the draft State RTE Rules.

2. Constitution of SCPCR/REPA (11 States) Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Haryana, J&K, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Mizoram, Rajasthan,Sikkim notified.
3. Prohibition of Detention, expulsion (25 States) A&N Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chandigarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, J&K, Jharkhand, Kerala,Lakshwadweep, Madhya Pradesh, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu,Tripur, Uttarkhand, West Bengal.
4. Prohibition of Corporal punishment, mental harassment (27 States) A&N Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Delhi Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, J&K, Jharkhand, Kerala,Lakshwadweep, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Orissa, Puducherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.
5. No board examination till completion of elementary education (25 States) A&N Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh,Bihar, 

Delhi Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, J&K, Jharkhand, Kerala, Lakshwadweep, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa,Puducherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

 

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