Bonded Labourers in the Country

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According to the reports received from the State Governments, the total number of bonded labourers identified and released as on 30.09.2010 is 2,89,225.  As and when existence of bonded labour is detected, such persons are identified for rehabilitation.  A statement showing state-wise number of bonded labourers identified and released is as follows:






Name of the State Number of Bonded Labourers
Identified and Released Rehabilitated
Andhra Pradesh 37988 31534
Arunachal Pradesh 3,526 2992
Bihar 14,615 13797
Chattisgarh 710 710
Gujarat 64 64
Haryana 591 89
Jharkhand 196 196
Karnataka 63,437 57185
Kerala 823 710
Madhya Pradesh 13,317 12,392
Maharashtra 1,404 1,325
Orissa 50,029 46901
Punjab 69 69
Rajasthan 7488 6331
Tamil Nadu 65,573 65,573
Uttar Pradesh 29,046 29,046
Uttaranchal 5 5
West Bengal 344 344
TOTAL 2,89,225* 2,69,263

*   19962 Bonded Labourers are not available for rehabilitation either they have died or left the place without leaving their addresses.

The Bonded Labour System has been abolished by law throughout the country with effect from 25th October, 1975 under the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Ordinance which was replaced by the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976.  The responsibility for implementing the Act lies with the State Governments.  In order to assist the State Governments in the task of rehabilitation of identified and released bonded labourers, a Centrally Sponsored Plan Scheme for Rehabilitation of Bonded Labour is in operation since May 1978.  Under the scheme, rehabilitation assistance @ Rs.20,000/- per bonded labour is provided which is equally shared by the Central and State Governments.  The detail of financial assistance provided by the Central Government to the State Governments for rehabilitation of bonded labourers during the last three years is given below.

Year Name of the State/UTs No. Of bonded labourers 


Financial Assistance provided 

(Rs. In Lakhs)

2008-2009 Bihar 409 36.00
Uttar Pradesh 80 7.98
West Bengal 54 5.40
2009-10 Bihar 264 22.10
Uttar Pradesh 100 12.23

(Upto 30.09.2010)

Chhattisgarh 586 58.60
Uttar Pradesh 100 10.00
West Bengal 77 6.85


The Minister of State for Labour and Employment Shri Harish Rawat gave this information in reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.


(Release ID :67930


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