The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 prohibits the employment of children in 18 occupations and 65 Processes and regulates the working conditions of the children in employment where they are not prohibited from working. According to the Census 2001 figures there were 1.26 crores working children in the age group of 5-14 out of which approximately 12 Lakhs children were working in Hazardous Occupations and Processes. However, as per survey conducted by National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) in 2004-05, the number of working children was estimated 90.75 lakh.
The State-wise data on working children in the age group of 5-14 years as per the Census of 2001 is given below. However, sector wise data is not available.
|Sl. No||Name of the State/UT||2001
||Jammu & Kashmir||175630|
||Andaman & Nicobar Island||1960|
||Dadra & Nagar Haveli||4274|
||Daman and Diu||729|
As per the information available the state wise data on prosecutions launched during 2007-08 to 2009-10 is as follows:
|Name of State / UT||Prosecutions launched during 2007-08 to 2009-10|
|1||Andmn & Nico I. U.T.||0|
|8||Dadra & Nagar H. U.T.||*|
|9||Daman & Diu U.T.||*|
|15||Jammu & Kashmir||20|
* Information awaited
The Government is following a robust multi-pronged strategy to tackle the problem of child labour. It comprises of statutory and legislative measures, rescue and rehabilitation, universal primary education, poverty alleviation and employment generation scheme. The objective is to create an environment where families are not compelled to send their children to work. The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986, prohibits employment of children below the age of 14 years in 18 occupations and 65 processes. For the rehabilitation of Child Labour, Government is implementing National Child Labour Project (NCLP) scheme in 266 districts in 20 states with the coverage of 8710 schools. Under the NCLP scheme children withdrawn from work are admitted into the special schools where they are provided with bridging education, vocational training, stipend, health care and mainstreamed to the regular education system.
The Minister of State for Labour and Employment Shri Harish Rawat gave this information in reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today.
(Release ID :67745)