Working children in the age group of 5-14 years

The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 prohibits the employment of children in 18 occupations and 65 Processes and regulates the working conditions of the children in employment where they are not prohibited from working. According to the Census 2001 figures there were 1.26 crores working children in the age group of 5-14 out of which approximately 12 Lakhs children were working in Hazardous Occupations and Processes. However, as per survey conducted by National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) in 2004-05, the number of working children was estimated 90.75 lakh.

The State-wise data on working children in the age group of 5-14 years as per the Census of 2001 is given below.  However, sector wise data is not available.

Sl. No Name of the State/UT 2001

Andhra Pradesh 1363339
Assam 351416
Bihar 1117500
Gujarat 485530
Haryana 253491
Himachal Pradesh 107774
Jammu & Kashmir 175630
Karnataka 822615
Kerala 26156
Madhya Pradesh 1065259
Maharashtra 764075
Chhattisgarh 364572
Manipur 28836
Meghalaya 53940
Jharkhand 407200
Uttarakhand 70183
Nagaland 45874
Orissa 377594
Punjab 177268
Rajasthan 1262570
Sikkim 16457
Tamil Nadu 418801
Tripura 21756
Uttar Pradesh 1927997
West Bengal 857087
Andaman & Nicobar Island 1960
Arunanchal Pradesh 18482
Chandigarh 3779
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 4274
Delhi 41899
Daman and Diu 729
Goa 4138
Lakshadweep 27
Mizoram 26265
Pondicherry 1904
  Total 12666377

 

As per the information available the state wise data on prosecutions launched during 2007-08 to 2009-10 is as follows:

Name of State / UT Prosecutions launched during 2007-08 to 2009-10
1 Andmn & Nico I. U.T. 0
2 Andhra Pradesh 2708
3 Arunachal Pradesh *
4 Assam 17
5 Bihar 4089
6 Chandigarh    U.T. 15
7 Chhattisgarh 103
8 Dadra & Nagar H. U.T. *
9 Daman & Diu U.T. *
10 Delhi U.T. 703
11 Goa *
12 Gujarat 700
13 Haryana 486
14 Himachal Pradesh 3
15 Jammu & Kashmir 20
16 Jharkhand 119
17 Karnataka 1375
18 Kerala 1
19 Lakshadweep     U.T. *
20 Madhya Pradesh 83
21 Maharashtra 468
22 Manipur *
23 Meghalaya *
24 Mizoram *
25 Nagaland *
26 Orissa 294
27 Pondicherry   U.T. 0
28 Punjab 954
29 Rajasthan 41
30 Sikkim 0
31 Tamil Nadu 679
32 Tripura *
33 Uttar Pradesh 1900
34 Uttarakhand 6
35 West Bengal 14
Total 14778

* Information awaited

The Government is following a robust multi-pronged strategy to tackle the problem of child labour. It comprises of statutory and legislative measures, rescue and rehabilitation, universal primary education, poverty alleviation and employment generation scheme. The objective is to create an environment where families are not compelled to send their children to work. The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986, prohibits employment of children below the age of 14 years in 18 occupations and 65 processes. For the rehabilitation of Child Labour, Government is implementing National Child Labour Project (NCLP) scheme in 266 districts in 20 states with the coverage of 8710 schools. Under the NCLP scheme children withdrawn from work are admitted into the special schools where they are provided with bridging education, vocational training, stipend, health care and mainstreamed to the regular education system.

The Minister of State for Labour and Employment Shri Harish Rawat gave this information in reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today.

YSK/PM

(Release ID :67745)

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