People Living in Slums

The State/UTs wise slum population as per census 2001 is in Annexure-I. The Committee on Slum Statistics/Census constituted by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation in its report submitted to the Government has projected the slum population as 9.3 Crore for the Year 2011. The State/UT wise projected 2011 slum population is in Annexure-II.

There are various reasons for creation of slums of which the most important are as follows:

(i)          Increased urbanization leading to pressure on the available land and infrastructure, especially for the poor.

 (ii)        Natural increase in the population of urban poor and migration from rural areas and small towns to larger cities.

(iii)       Inappropriate system of urban planning which does not provide adequate space for the urban poor in the City Master Plans.

iv)        Sky-rocketing land prices due to increasing demand for land and constraints on supply of land.

v)         Absence of programmes of affordable housing for the urban poor in most States.

(vi)       Lack of availability of credit for low income housing.

(vii)      Increasing cost of construction.

 Although Land, Colonization and Slums are State subjects, the Ministry has sought to tackle the issue by a mix of policy and programmatic interventions which include the following:

(i)    National Urban Housing and Habitat Policy,2007 which is aimed at promoting sustainable development of habitat in the country with special focus on provision of affordable housing for the Economically Weaker Sections(EWS)/Low Income Groups(LIG) sectors.

 (ii)   Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) which was launched on 3rd December, 2005 with the objectives of augmenting infrastructure facilities in cities and towns along with provision of shelter and basic civic services to slum dwellers/urban poor. The Sub-Mission of Basic Services to the Urban Poor (BSUP) under JNNURM provides Additional Central Assistance to States/UTs for taking up projects for housing and infrastructural facilities for slum dwellers/urban poor in 65 select cities in the country. Other cities and towns are covered for similar support under the Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme (IHSDP).

 (iii) Interest Subsidy Scheme for Housing the Urban Poor (ISHUP) started in 2009 which provides for a Central Government subsidy  of 5% on home loans upto  ` 1 lakh to EWS/LIG households for acquisition and construction of houses.

 (iv) Scheme of Affordable Housing in Partnership started in 2009, which is aimed at encouraging public-private partnerships in land assembly for affordable housing by subsidizing the cost of external and internal infrastructure connectivities  in such projects.(v)        Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY) has been announced by Hon’ble President of India in June 2009, for the slum dwellers and the urban poor. This scheme would aim to provide support for shelter & basic civic and social services for slum redevelopment and for creation of new affordable housing stock to States that are willing to assign property rights to slum dwellers. In preparation thereof, a Slum Free City Planning Scheme has been launched in March 2010, whereby States are being supported to develop GIS based Slum Free City plans with comprehensive household-wise slum surveys so as to be able to redevelop all existing slums in a whole city, all slums  and whole slum strategy. The Slum Free City/State  Plan is envisaged to comprise of  two parts– Part I- Strategy to redevelop existing slums and Part II – Strategy for prevention of creation of slums, delineating the development of affordable housing for the urban poor and revision to existing urban policy and programmes for the prevention of slums. This plan would form the basis for providing assistance to the States, after the scheme is approved.

Annexure-I

Slum Population in different States /UTs of India – 2001

State/UTs*

Slum @ Population

1

2

Andhra Pradesh

6,268,945

Assam

89,962

Bihar

818,332

Chhattisgarh

1,097,211

Goa

18,372

Gujarat

1,975,853

Haryana

1,681,117

Jammu & Kashmir

373,898

Jharkhand

340,915

Karnataka

2,330,592

Kerala

74,865

Madhya Pradesh

3,776,731

Maharashtra

11,975,943

Meghalaya

109,271

Orissa

1,089,302

Punjab

1,483,574

Rajasthan

1,563,063

Tamil Nadu

4,240,931

Tripura

47,645

Uttar Pradesh

5,756,004

Uttarakhand

350,038

West Bengal

4,663,806

A & N Islands*

16,244

Chandigarh*

107,125

Delhi *

2,029,755

Puducherry *

92,095

ALL INDIA

52,371,589

   Source: Registrar General of India

Note: @ slum population estimated for cities/towns having above 20,000 populations and reported Slums   in 2001 census.

 Annexure-II

State wise projected slum population for the  year 2011

State/UTs

2011

1

2

Andhra Pradesh

8188022

Arunachal Pradesh

98248

Assam

1070835

Bihar

1683954

Chhattisgarh

2111546

Goa

154759

Gujarat

4662619

Haryana

3288292

Himachal Pradesh

87281

Jammu & Kashmir

494180

Jharkhand

931912

Karnataka

3631147

Kerala

533278

Madhya Pradesh

6393040

Maharashtra

18151071

Manipur

75197

Meghalaya

205176

Mizoram

105720

Nagaland

83220

Orissa

1736064

Punjab

2798256

Rajasthan

3826160

Sikkim

13321

Tamil Nadu

8644892

Tripura

131080

Uttar Pradesh

10878336

Uttarakhand

826257

West Bengal

8546755

A & N Island

33722

Chandigarh

332473

Dadra & N Haveli

26083

Daman &  Diu

9187

Delhi

3163430

Lakshadweep

1560

Puducherry

136899

India

93055983

Source: Report of the committee on Slum/Census                                           (As on 16.03.2011)

***

AD/DB

(Release I

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